Turkey’s operation on Cyprus in 1974 is completely legal

(1) Till now, there is NO sanction applied on Turkey due to 1974 Cyprus war
If a country invades another one, UN imposes sanctions on that country. Iraq invaded Kuwait, and UN imposed sanctions on Iraq. Turkey did not invade Cyprus, hence UN did not impose any sanction on Turkey!

(2) There is no UN Security Council resolution that calls the Turkey’s 1974 action as “invasion”!

(3) The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) (29.07.1974, Resolution 573): “The Turkish military INTERVENTION was the exercise of a RIGHT EMANATING FROM AN INTERNATIONAL TREATY and the fulfilment of a LEGAL and MORAL obligation.”

(4) Greece’s Athens Court of Appeals (21.03.1979; Case No: 2658/79): “The Turkish military INTERVENTION in Cyprus, which was carried out in accordance with the Zurich and London Accords, was LEGAL. Turkey, as one of the Guarantor Powers, had the right to fulfill her obligations. The real culprits . . . are the Greek officers who engineered and staged a coup and prepared the conditions for this INTERVENTION.” Note: Just after 5 years later than 1974, in 1979, Greece’s Highest Court decided Turkish military intervention is legal without making any difference between 1st and 2nd military operation!

(5) Makarios (1ST PRESIDENT OF CYPRUS) (the UN Security Council Speech, 19 July 1974):
MAKARIOS: “CYPRUS WAS INVADED BY GREECE”. Sound record of the speech: http://www.cypnet.co.uk/ncyprus/history/republic/makarios1.wav

(6) Turkey acted on Cyprus via Art. IV(2) Treaty of Guarantee (“In the event of a breach of the provisions of the present treaty, Greece, Turkey and the United Kingdom undertake to consult together with respect to the representations or measures necessary to ensure observance of those provisions. IN SO FAR AS COMMON OR CONCERTED ACTION MAY NOT PROVE POSSIBLE, EACH of the three GUARANTEEING POWERs reserves THE RIGHT TO TAKE ACTION with the sole aim of re-establishing the state of affairs created by the present Treaty.”), hence in compatible with Art. 2(4) UN Charter.

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Northern Cyprus is legal

and on the threshold of being worldwide recognized

1. LEGALITY AND RECOGNITION ARE TWO COMPLETELY DIFFERENT THINGS
Recognition is completely a political notion/act (as stated by Int’l Court of Justice, Kosovo 2010 decision) and has nothing to do with legality. 1/193 country
recognizes Northern Cyprus; but even if 0/193 countries recognize NC, this has nothing to do with legality of NC.

The President of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) Hisashi OWADA (2010): “International law contains no “prohibition on declarations of independence.”
the International Court of Justice (ICJ) (2010): “while the declaration may not have been illegal, the issue of RECOGNITION was a POLITICAL one”

Recognition is a political, not a legal matter. [1]

An Almanac of Contemporary and Comparative Judicial Restatements (OSHISANYA, ACCJR Supp., 2015, p.64):”The ICJ maintained that while the declaration may not have been
illegal, the issue of recognition is a political one”. [2]
Andrzej JAKUBOWSKI, “State Succession in Cultural Property”, Oxford University Press, 2015, p.221, “while the declaration may not have been illegal, the issue of recognition was a political one”. [3]

They Work For You, Lord CAMPBELL-SAVOURS, 18.03.2014, “the president of the International Court of Justice, Hisashi Owada, said that international law contains, “no
prohibition on declarations of independence”. The court also said that while the declaration may not have been illegal, the issue of recognition was a political one.”
http://www.theyworkforyou.com/lords/?id=2014-03-18a.101.0

UK Parliament, 2014, “the president of the International Court of Justice, Hisashi Owada, said that international law contains, “no prohibition on declarations of independence”. The court also said that while the declaration may not have been illegal, the issue of recognition was a political one.”
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/140318-0001.htm

That is to say, “being recognized/not recognized does not affect legality/illegality of a country”. Recognition is a political action.

SINCE NORTHERN CYPRUS IS LEGAL, ALL ITS COURTS AND LAWS ARE ACCEPTED IN THE WORLD: SEE 2 & 3 BELOW.

2. ALL LAWS OF NORTHERN CYPRUS ARE ACCEPTED IN EUROPE (EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS; ECtHR)
In Northern Cyprus, laws of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus are valid: ECtHR’s 02.07.2013 Decision: http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng?i=001-122907
“…notwithstanding the lack of international recognition of the regime in the northern area, a de facto recognition of its acts may be rendered necessary for practical purposes. Thus, THE ADOPTION BY THE AUTHORITIES OF THE “TRNC” OF CIVIL, ADMINISTRATIVE OR CRIMINAL LAW MEASURES, AND THEIR APPLICATION OR ENFORCEMENT WITHIN THAT TERRITORY, may be regarded as having a legal basis in domestic law for the purposes of the Convention”.

Note: In the related ECtHR’s decision above, the case application of the Greek Cypriot was IMMEDIATELY REJECTED; i.e., his application was found INADMISSABLE. That is to say, he was expelled by ECtHR just at the beginning; therefore, his case was not handled (no sessions were held) by ECtHR at all.

ECtHR’s 02.09.2015 Decision: http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng?i=001-155000
“..the court system in the “TRNC”, including both civil and criminal courts, reflected the judicial and common-law tradition of Cyprus in its functioning and procedures, and that the “TRNC” courts were thus to be considered as “established by law” with reference to the “constitutional and legal basis” on which they operated……the Court has already found that the court system set up in the “TRNC” was to be considered to have been “established by law” with reference to the “constitutional and legal basis” on which it operated, and it has NOT accepted the allegation that the “TRNC” courts as a whole lacked independence and/or impartiality……when an act of the “TRNC” authorities was in compliance with laws in force within the territory of northern Cyprus, those acts should in principle be regarded as having a legal basis in domestic law for the purposes of the Convention..”
Note: Here, what ECtHR means by “laws in force within the territory of northern Cyprus” is the laws that TRNC published and put into implementation, as can be
understood from ECtHR’s above 02.July.2013 decision.

3. UNITED STATES’ FEDERAL COURT: “TURKISH REPUBLIC OF NORTHERN CYPRUS IS A DEMOCRATIC COUNTRY”
USA Federal Court (09.October.2014): “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is a democratic country”
“Although the United States does not recognize it as a state, the TRNC purportedly operates as a DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC with a president, prime minister, legislature and
judiciary…TRNC is NOT VULNERABLE to a lawsuit in Washington”
The news of the Court decision (13.10.2014): http://www.courthousenews.com/2014/10/13/72392.htm
Page of the Court case: http://dockets.justia.com/docket/district-of-columbia/dcdce/1:2009cv01967/139002 (Note the Defendant: Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus!);
Decision of the Court: http://docs.justia.com/cases/federal/district-courts/district-of-columbia/dcdce/1:2009cv01967/139002/53

4. THERE IS “NO PROHIBITION” ON DECLARATIONS OF INDEPENDENCE IN INTERNATIONAL LAW
The President of the Int’l Court of Justice (ICJ) Hisashi Owada, 2010: “International law contains “NO PROHIBITION” on declarations of independence.”

5. NORTHERN CYPRUS BEING A COUNTRY IS NOT DISPUTED
Northern Cyprus being a country is not disputed. The definition of “country” is bigger than whether being a UN member or not. There are countries that are not member of UN. See, “country” definition in WP: A country is a region identified as a distinct entity in political geography. A country may be an independent sovereign state or one that is occupied by another state, as a non-sovereign or formerly sovereign political division, or a geographic region associated with sets of previously independent or differently associated peoples with distinct political characteristics.

That’s why, even the sources from United Nations (UN) cite Northern Cyprus as a different country: World Happiness Report 2015 of United Nations’ Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) ranked Northern Cyprus 66th among 158 countries, directly above the Republic of Cyprus, which was ranked 67th. UN SDSN World Happiness Report 2015 p.27: 2012-2014 country rankings: http://worldhappiness.report/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2015/04/WHR15.pdf

United Nations’ (UN) Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) World Happiness Report 2016:
http://5c28efcb768db11c7204-4ffd2ff276d22135df4d1a53ae141422.r82.cf5.rackcdn.com/HR-V1_web.pdf
See “Figure 2.2: Ranking of Happiness 2013-2015 (Part 2)”
North Cyprus: 62th among 157 countries
(South, Greek) Cyprus: 69th among 157 countries.

In 2015: North Cyprus: 66th; Cyprus: 67th.

The difference between Northern Cyprus and Cyprus is getting bigger and bigger:

NORTH IS GETTING HAPPIER AND HAPPIER; SOUTH IS GETTING SAD AND SAD.

Links:

[1] http://www.csmonitor.com/Commentary/the-monitors-view/2010/0722/Court-settles-legal-question-of-Kosovo-independence-but-not-the-political-issue

[2] https://books.google.com.tr/books?id=xMvOBAAAQBAJ&pg=PA64&lpg=PA64&dq=%22while+the+declaration+may+not+have+been+illegal,+the+issue+of+recognition+was+a+political+one%22&source=bl&ots=miTLEtG6kk&sig=0St_9a7mLgBYStBHzFwG8yW0JWs&hl=tr&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiejuvCqKDLAhXj_XIKHbHZDDQQ6AEIHzAB#v=onepage&q=%22while%20the%20declaration%20may%20not%20have%20been%20illegal%2C%20the%20issue%20of%20recognition%20was%20a%20political%20one%22&f=false

[3] https://books.google.com.tr/books?id=pYlwCQAAQBAJ&pg=PA221&lpg=PA221&dq=%22while+the+declaration+may+not+have+been+illegal,+the+issue+of+recognition+was+a+political+one%22&source=bl&ots=wsk5J250Z9&sig=LzwQcUmyAPr-njk2dC6IAPpPlj4&hl=tr&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiejuvCqKDLAhXj_XIKHbHZDDQQ6AEIJDAC#v=onepage&q=%22while%20the%20declaration%20may%20not%20have%20been%20illegal%2C%20the%20issue%20of%20recognition%20was%20a%20political%20one%22&f=false